Bench lathe machine is a small-sized machine tool used for shaping materials such as metal, wood, and plastics. It typically consists of a bed, headstock, tailstock, and tool rest. The bed provides a rigid base for mounting and supporting the workpiece, while the headstock holds and rotates the workpiece at various speeds. The tailstock is used to support the other end of the workpiece and to hold tools such as drills and reamers, while the tool rest provides support for cutting tools.
Bench lathes are used for a variety of tasks, such as turning, drilling, and threading, and are commonly found in workshops, small manufacturing facilities, and educational institutions. They are often used for precision work, such as creating small parts for machines or creating intricate designs on jewelry or other decorative objects.